Vertical Garden – Everything You Need To Know About Vertical Gardens
Vertical Garden is a method of growing plants on a vertically suspended panel with the use of hydroponics. These structures can either be freestanding or even attached to a wall. It has been used since the ancient civilizations and many modern vertical gardens can even last up to 10 years and give a decor to offices and homes in modern day world. These are a wonderful alternative to potted plants. Potted plants can be placed anywhere in the office, but they can take up space and also requires lots of maintenance. However, with vertical gardens there is only one large panel to maintain, and it will provide a lush pop of color to any professional environment.
Different Names of Vertical Garden
Vertical gardens are called by different names such as Green walls, live walls, living green walls, moss walls etc. Whatever you wish to call them, these vertical structures of plant life can be quite small like a picture frame or can be even 50 ft wide masterpiece. It can be placed in restaurant lobbies, office blocks, major corporation headquarters, or even a small residential areas. Not only does it look impressive, but will also make you feel more comfortable in your environment due to the calming powers of nature.
It can be the best home decor masterpiece for your wonderful interior space, and also they help the natural airflow inside your home. These gardens can be made up of many various types of plants; ferns, ficus repens, pilea, and calathea. Calathea being the most popular plant species used in green walls. Vertical gardens are also very space efficient and can fill up any empty space on a wall. In offices, many employees are exposed to a lot of harmful air chemicals like formaldehyde and carbon monoxide. Hence these work like a natural clean air system and promote a better breathing atmosphere and a healthier environment overall. They also help to reduce noise pollution which creates a quieter work environment for building occupants.
Like how it is used as an interior space, it can be also installed on their exteriors too. Many buildings around the globe has also verticals garden installed. These exterior gardens contain moss, vines, and other plants are often used on vertical gardens installed outdoors. The advantage of exterior vertical gardens is that it have exposure to natural direct sunlight that makes them thrive. It also gives building good protection and insulation from temperature fluctuations, UV radiation and heavy rain. During summer season, these uses a process called Evapotranspiration, which helps to cool the air around it. Since climates are drastically different throughout the country, plants for exterior walls are selected by state climate, so the greenery will be easier to maintain.
These are popular among plant enthusiasts because they are space efficient, colorful, and very easy to maintain. Succulents are also fire-resistant and are great alternatives if you are in a region with a lot of water shortages. For this reason, succulents are great plant choices for vertical gardens. Succulents are well known to have a hard and fleshy exterior which makes them great candidates for interiors. Selecting succulents makes it very easy to mold and shape any vertical garden to your needs. Watering and other maintenance is needed less for succulents while they provide a wonderful aesthetic to any space.
Vertical Garden Benefits
Vertical Gardens helps to enhance a building’s visuals, improve the air quality as well as employee alertness and energy levels. Over the past half century, a notable increase of urban-living seekers has led to a considerable uptick in air pollution and loss of green spaces. A impressive solution for any property interested in improving their space with great benefits of nature. They help to infuse the dull expanse of interiors with life-renewing greenery. Offers an inspirational and aesthetically intriguing natural boost to employee morale. Whether they are installed on the exterior or interior of a building, the structures of living, breathing plant life create the “wow factor” so many interior designers seek while championing sustainability.
These make a breathtaking statement by creating alluring and inviting environments. They are as equally impressive in appearance as they are purveyors of good health; the plants in the walls work as a natural air-filtration system that building occupants can enjoy. Employees are greeted by a green lush environment while savoring the soothing effects of being around an abundance of foliage. An emerging trend in green design, these vertically sprawling gardens of green are springing to life across the world on the exteriors of skyscrapers, in hotel lobbies, office reception areas and more.
Improves Air Quality
They are natural air-filters, creating a cleaner, more invigorating work environment that will lead to better overall employee health and production. Officer workers are often exposed to air toxins in their work environment such as formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, VOCs and benzene. They helps to metabolize harmful toxins while releasing oxygen into the workplace air, much like office plants but on a much larger scale.
Reduces Energy Cost
The interior and exterior living green walls function to cool the air in the warmer summer months by a process known as “Evapotranspiration.” The winter months see the added advantage of building insulation thus reducing energy costs for heating the building. Exterior living green walls can reduce wall surface temperatures by as much as 50 degrees °F, resulting in significant energy savings and air conditioning costs.
Lowers Noise Levels
These structures helps to reduce noise levels in buildings. Plants have been used, throughout the world, to reduce noise along roads and highways. Living green walls expand on this concept as vegetation ‘naturally’ blocks high frequency sounds while the supporting structure can help to diminish low frequency noise. They also act as an extra insulation with a layer of air between the plants and the wall. Reduces noise levels by reflecting, refracting as well as absorbing acoustic energy.
Most of the indoor vertical garden system has a panel or tray system which is easy to maintain. Panel systems can help you maintain your beautiful vertical gardens on lobby or office walls. For some projects, a tray based system like would be beneficial. This type of system uses polypropylene trays and a water resistant backing board to help the plants stay hydrated. If you don’t have knowledge on this before installing, it can easily fail without proper timely maintenance. Most of the vertical garden systems across the globe has complex irrigation systems which keeps the plants properly watered, although some level of maintenance is often required. Few companies also provide with monthly maintenance on many different systems.
How does it work ?
These are now the modern day trend in offices and homes. People want plants as decor and when the horizontal space is limited, and vertical spaces are abundant, green walls come in play. Many different green wall technologies exist and new ones are being developed every year. Regardless of what type of green wall system, most green walls have one of two types of irrigation systems:
- Recirculating Irrigation
- Direct Irrigation
Recirculating Irrigation System
Recirculating Irrigation systems helps recirculates water. In a recirculating system, the source of water is an irrigation tank which is either remote-controlled or directly underneath the green wall. The irrigation tank is filled manually on a regular basis to provide an adequate supply of irrigation water. Water is pumped from the tank to the green wall. Water is distributed to the plants in the wall. Gravity pulls excess water downward. Excess drainage water collects at the bottom of the wall and is fed back to the tank. This water is then used over and over (recirculates).
Direct Irrigation System
Direct Irrigation system does not have a water tank or pump. Instead, irrigation water comes directly from an external water source (i.e. city water). This water is sometimes injected with fertilizer through an injector. A pump is not needed for direct irrigation because of the existing water pressure of the water lines. Water is channeled to the green wall and distributed to the plants of the wall. As water is pulled downward by gravity, any excess irrigation water is collected and sent to a sewer drain (not recirculated).
Larger green walls have a direct irrigation system and smaller walls have a recirculating irrigation system, although this can vary. Each system has its advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of the type of irrigation system used, the majority of green walls are operated by a timer or controller. A timer (or controller) tells the irrigation system when to turn on/off, how long to run, and in some cases, where to run. Larger green walls especially are divided into multiple irrigation zones. This allows different parts of the wall to be watered at different rates. For example, some portions of the green wall may need more water than others.
Manual Watering System
There is a third type of irrigation – Manual Watering – where the person caring for the green wall gives water to the green wall system using a water machine, which involves a tank on wheels, or a watering can. Manual watering is usually done with smaller green walls – such as ones that are as small as a big-screen TV or a painting. The benefit of manual irrigation is that electricity and plumbing are not needed.