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Dandruff: What Are The Different Types Of Dandruff & How To Stop Them?



Dandruff is a skin condition that mainly affects the scalp. The symptoms include flaking and sometimes mild itchiness. It can result in social or self-esteem problems. A more severe form of the condition, which includes inflammation of the skin, is known as Seborrhoeic Dermatitis.

It starts slowly. Your black clothes are the first to be banished. Then comes the embarrassment. The awkward dance of your hands with your hair – tucking it behind your ears, rolling it up in a bun, spreading it out strategically to conceal those pesky white flakes that lay beneath. Dandruff. And there are several types of dandruff.

And although it is a frustrating hair condition to have, the good news is that it is treatable. But before you start any treatment, it is important that you figure out what type of dandruff you have to nip the problem in the bud.

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Different Types Of Dandruff

Let’s look at different types of dandruff:

1. Dry Skin-Related

Dandruff often develops on people who generally have dry skin. This dry skin could be a result of winter months or not shampooing your hair regularly. People with curly hair also suffer from a drier scalp than other hair types. Using sulfate shampoos that create a lot of foam can also cause and aggravate dry skin-related dandruff.

Symptoms: A feeling of tightness on your scalp and small, round, white dry flakes in hair.

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2. Oily Scalp-Related

Sebum is the natural oil that is produced by the sebaceous glands to moisturize your hair and skin and prevent it from drying up. It is also meant to keep the signs of aging at bay. However, sometimes your body may start producing excess sebum. This overproduction could be a result of puberty, pregnancy, stress, or irregular shampooing. When the excess sebum mixes with dirt and dead skin cells, it forms dandruff

Symptoms: Yellow patches on the scalp, yellowish large dandruff flakes on scalp, itching, greasy hair.

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3. Fungal

Fungal dandruff is caused by the infection of Malassezia globosa on your scalp. This fungal infection spreads quite rapidly when your scalp is excessively oily or has a pH imbalance. It is also highly contagious and can spread through sharing items like combs, towels or hats with an infected individual. What Malassezia does is, it produces oleic acid, which increases the turnover of skin cells, thus causing dandruff.

Symptoms: White or yellowish dandruff flakes, itchiness.

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4. Caused By Product Buildup

If you are someone whose hair styling routine consists of like five different products, you need to stop. Immediately. Using excessive amounts of styling products like leave-in conditioners, gels, serums, pomades, mousses or hair sprays can cause them to build up on your scalp. This build-up can combine with dirt and dead skin cells to form dandruff. In fact, it could also lead to hair loss.

Symptoms: Big whitish or yellowish large flakes on scalp, irritation, hair fall.

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5. Caused By Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can develop on parts of your body where there’s a higher concentration of sebaceous glands. This includes your scalp, neck, behind your ears, face, and eyebrows. Studies show that it is usually caused by an inflammatory reaction to yeast that is naturally found on your skin’s surface. Stress and hormonal changes could trigger seborrheic dermatitis.

Symptoms: White or yellowish dandruff flakes, scaly patches, greasiness, redness, irritation.

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6. Caused By Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition in which the immune system starts attacking healthy skin tissues. This leads to a rapid production of new skin cells before the old dead skin has had a chance to flake off. What results is the formation of thick silver-colored scaly patches on your scalp, neck, knees, and back.

Symptoms: Silver-colored scaly patches, thick white dandruff flakes, redness, mild itching.

For someone who suffers from dandruff, it can become an all-consuming part of their life. Not only do you fixate on it endlessly, you also feel embarrassed or ashamed when among company. But it doesn’t have to be this way. Dandruff can be treated fairly easily with the help of a few products and by following some simple tips. So just keep reading.

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Tips To Prevent Dandruff With Natural Methods

Here are 5 methods to prevent dandruff naturally:

  1. Fenugreek Seeds: Soak 2 tbsp of fenugreek seeds overnight and grind them into a paste. Apply this paste all over your scalp and leave it on for 30 mins. Wash it off with soapnut (reetha) and water.
  2. Olive Oil: Massage your scalp with olive oil for 10 mins and leave it on overnight. Wash it off with water and a mild shampoo the next morning.
  3. Apple Cider Vinegar: Mix 2 cups of apple cider vinegar in 2 cups of water and pour it all over your scalp after shampooing it. Massage it in for a few mins before washing it with water.
  4. Baking Soda: Mix 3 tbsp of baking soda and 3 tbsp of lemon juice into a bowl of apple cider vinegar. Apply this paste all over your scalp and leave it on for 10 mins. Wash it off with water.
  5. Tea Tree Oil: Add a few drops of tea tree oil to coconut oil and massage it onto your scalp and hair. You can leave it on overnight before washing it off with a herbal shampoo.

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So, you have learnt about various types of dandruff and how to prevent them As you can see, you don’t need to spend a bunch of money to get rid of the white flakes on scalp. Just making a few changes in your hair care routine and making use of home remedies can help you put an end to this problem effectively.

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