Bengal gram – Chickpeas Uses – Health benefits – Nutritional values -Medicinal Properties
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also called garbanzo bean or Bengal gram
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also called garbanzo bean or Bengal gram, is an Old World pulse. It is a good source of carbohydrates and protein, and the protein quality is considered to be better than other pulses. Chickpea has significant amounts of all the essential amino acids except sulfur containing types, which can be complemented by adding cereals to daily diet
Health benefits of bengal gram (chickpea)
Although pulses have been consumed for thousands of years for their nutritional qualities, it is only during the past two to three decades that the interest in pulses as food and their potential impact on human health been revived. Chickpea consumption is reported to have some physiologic benefits that may reduce the risk of chronic diseases and optimize health .Therefore,chickpeas could potentially be considered as a ‘functional food’ in addition to their accepted role of providing proteins and fibre.Bengal gram (chickpeas) offer some specific health values, and consuming them regularly boosts your intake of a few nutrients.Eating chickpeas provides you with a vegetarian source of protein, each cup of cooked bengal gram containing 15 grams
Chickpea is a relatively inexpensive source of different vitamins, minerals and several bioactive compounds (phytates, phenolic compounds, oligosaccharides, enzyme inhibitors etc.) that could aid in potentially lowering the risk of chronic diseases. Due to its potential nutritional value chickpea is gaining consumer acceptance as a functional food.
Chick peas fiber source -lowering the risk of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) ,Diabetes and Blood Pressure
Usually pulses and cereals have a comparable ratio of soluble to insoluble fibres per 100g serving. Chickpea seeds are a relatively cheap source of dietary fibre and bioactive compounds ,coupled with its low glycemic index,chickpea may be useful for lowering the risk of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD).Chickpea has higher total dietary fibre content compared to wheat and higher amount of fat compared to most other pulses or cereals.Fiber-rich foods also help control your blood sugar levels, because fiber slows down digestion, allowing sugar to move slowly from your digestive tract into your bloodstream
Weight Loss / Obesity
Intake of foods which are rich in dietary fibre is associated with lower body mass index (BMI). Eating of foods with high fibre content helps in reaching satiety faster (fullness post-meal) and this satiating effect lasts longer since fibre-rich foods require longer time to chew and digest in the intestinal system.
This is due to the complex nature of disease etiology and various factors impacting their occurrence. It is 20 imperative the scientific community continues to unravel the mechanisms involved in disease prevention and determine how food bioactives from such foods as chickpea can influence human health.
Chick Peas (Bengal gram) – culinary uses
Chick peas is the star ingredient in some our favorite salads,soups,dips… Peas are probably one of the most adaptive, interesting foods out there…
Chick pea Flour – As a flour (gluten free) make chick pea pancake with chickpea flour, salt, olive oil, onions, and herbs
Roasted peas and Raw chick peas used in curries salads ,as soup base. This is one of the bse inclusions in a salad adding their nutty flavour, and smooth texture
In the Ayurvedic system of medicine chickpea preparations are used to treat a variety of ailments like throat problems, blood disorders, bronchitis,skin diseases and liver or gall bladder related problems