Why is orange known as ‘golden apple’? Does it have any nutritious benefits?
Orange is among the most popular fruits around the world for its nutritious qualities.
Apart from using as a snack, oranges are also used as a major ingredient in many of the western food items. Nutritionist also advise the intake of orange juice during breakfast for its replenishing nutritious qualities. Orange is available in two main categories – sweet and bitter. Sweet varieties are the one’s which are mostly used for consumption. Orange is considered as the most common citrus available in India. Apart from its tangy and sweet flavour, they are also famous for the presence of vitamin C. Since they can offer numerous health benefits and beauty aspects, they are also called by the name ‘golden apple’.
Orange is an evergreen and small flowering tree with a height of 5 to 8m. Orange fruits have a diameter of 3 inches and a weight of about 100-150g. Orange fruits are round in shape and has an orange colour. The tree has dark green shiny leaves and small white flowers with five petals. The sweet smell of flowers attracts many bees.
Orange fruit has a thick outer covering. Inside the thick skin, the fruits are normally divided into 10 segments. The number of segments can sometimes go above 10. Have a look at some of the benefits of having orange in our diet
Promotes optimal heart function
Including orange in your diet satisfies the daily potassium requirement of the body. Potassium is known as an electrolyte mineral required for a healthy heart function. It works with other electrolytes like calcium, magnesium and sodium to play a key role in maintaining the required fluid levels inside and around the cells. Perfect fluid balance helps with the flow of electricity through the body, required for a steady heartbeat. Reduced levels of potassium in the body can be the reason for an up normal heart rhythm known as arrhythmia. As per the studies conducted by the scientists, a medium 2 1/2-inch orange contains nearly 240 milligrams of potassium.
According to many studies, Vitamin A presence in orange can have a beneficial role in protecting your eyes. Age-related macular degeneration is one of the causes for a decreased vision and blindness. Vitamin A contains the carotenoid compounds like lutein, beta-carotene and zeaxanthin. The presence of these carotenoids can help with the prevention of macular degeneration caused with aging. The vitamin A present in orange can help your eyes to absorb light by keeping the membranes surrounding your eyes healthy. It also reduces the chance for night blindness. Thus, the daily consumption of orange can help with an improved vision.
Plays a part in reducing cholesterol
The presence of soluble fiber in orange fruit can help with the reduction of high blood cholesterol levels in the body. Soluble fibre presence attracts water in your gut, resulting in the formation of a slow-moving gel. The passage of this gel substance through the intestinal tract takes away the excessive cholesterol compounds and moves them out through fecal waste. With some time, cholesterol levels will decrease and this in turn reduces the risk of heart diseases. Having orange in your diet can thus help’s in reducing the cardiovascular diseases.
Citrus fruits like orange is blessed with the presence of an important component called vitamin C. Consumption of food rich in vitamin C helps with the protection of cells by neutralizing the presence of radicals. Increase in the presence of free radicals can result in permanent cell damage. It can also be the cause of chronic diseases like heart diseases and cancer. Taking food rich in vitamin C neutralizes the free radicals and thereby reduces the chance of chronic diseases.