Importance of Art – How Does Art Stimulates The Brain ?
Importance of Art on the brain
Importance of Art has an immense influence on the brain and mind. It is fascinating and is known to influence the brain of its creators as well as the observers. Pablo Picasso stated that ‘art washes away from the soul the of everyday life.’ Thus, art is a major stress buster.
After a 35-minute observation of art in any manner they wanted, all participants reported lesser levels of stress. This study also found lower levels of cortisol which is the stress hormone, after the visit to the art gallery. It has also been observed that artists suffer lesser loneliness and depression than the general population.
A unique higher cognitive function – Importance of Art
Art is an evolved cognitive function and serves as a form of communication between the creator of art and the viewers. The ability to create art is specific only to human beings and no other species has this ability. Almost every human being has the ability to use language as a form of communication, however, the ability to create art, specifically art that is admired for centuries, is present only in a few people.
Also, there is no doubt that the creation of art is a cognitive function and the brain plays an important role in this. However, no specific region of the brain has the ability to create art because artist have continued to create art, even after suffering varying degrees of brain damage. This suggests that multiple brain areas and neural pathways may be responsible for the ability to create art. Viewing art on the other hand, stimulates specific areas of the brain, as found in neuroimaging studies with the help of a functional MRI.
Creating art is similar to meditation
Our brain and eyes are exposed to multiple thoughts and sights round the clock. This muddles our thoughts and strains our eyes. But by engaging in art, the brain and eyes focus only on the art. Thus, while engaged in artwork, the artist needs to focus only on the details of the art like shape, design, colors, themes etc. And this is like meditation. It has been shown to increase focus, concentration and attention.
Art keeps the brain younger
Art encourages creative thinking too. And those engaged in artwork have improved solving skills. But unlike mathematics, art has no right answers. The artist is at liberty to create his own solution regarding the design and scheme of colors in the art.
Furthermore, art leads to the growth of more nerve cells and improves communication between neurons. Both the left and right hemispheres of the brain are involved in creating art.
Art can boost ego and self esteem
Creating art makes one feel good. This happens as creating art leads to an increase in the level of dopamine, the ‘feel good’ neurotransmitter. This feel good emotion is further enhanced, if others appreciate one’s artwork. Hence, a way of enhancing the artwork is hanging the paintings on wall.