What are the different types of Coffee Beans ? Arabica & Robusta Coffee Beans
Coffee is one of the most popular beverages around the world, with billions of cups consumed daily.
Arabica Coffee Beans
Coffee beans are the seeds taken from coffee plants and the source of the world’s most widely consumed beverage called coffee. The two main varieties of coffee plantations are Arabica and Robusta. The bulk of worldwide coffee production is that of Arabica and it accounts about 70% of overall coffee production. Even though these coffee beans look the same when roasted, the two varieties differ in taste, growing conditions, productivity and price.
Roasted Arabica beans tend to have a sweeter, softer taste, with tones of sugar, fruit, and berries. Their acidity is higher, with that winey taste that characterises coffee with excellent acidity. They contain less caffeine as Robusta beans and grows at higher altitudes and slightly less rainfall (1200-2200 mm/yr) with cooler temperatures of 15°-24°C (59-75°F). Arabica coffee shrubs typically grows between 2.5-4.5 meters (8.2-14.7 ft) in height. In terms of yield, Arabica produces less coffee per hectare than Robusta and hence the cost of production is higher. It is mostly grown in Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, Vietnam and India.
These top quality Arabica beans are collected from the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Robusta Coffee Beans
The bulk of worldwide coffee production is that of Arabica and merely 30% counts for Robusta.
Roasted Robusta beans produce a strong, full-bodied coffee with a distinctive, earthy flavour, but usually with more bitterness than Arabic. They contain twice as much caffeine as Arabica beans and grows at lower altitudes and slightly more rainfall (2200-3000 mm/yr) with warmer temperatures of 18°-36°C (64-97°F). They are slightly taller and have a height of 4.5-6.5 meters (8.2-21.3 ft). In terms of yield, Robusta produces more coffee per hectare than Arabica and hence the cost of production is much less. It is mostly grown in Vietnam, India, Africa and Brazil.
These top quality polished Robusta beans are collected from the South Indian state of Kerala, Wayanad district.