Foxtail Millet (小米) – Health Benefits, Uses, History
Foxtail Millet is an annual grass grown for human food. It is the second-most widely planted species of millet, and the most important in East Asia. Foxtail Millet has the longest history of cultivation among the millets, having been grown in India since antiquity.
It is adapted to well-drained soils. Foxtail millet is an annual grass whose plants reach an average height of 60-150 cm. The seeds are convex oval or elliptical and light yellow to brown, rusty or black in color.
Foxtail Millet History
It was first naturalized in China. The phylogenetic analyses show the green millet and foxtail millet is associated. And the Foxtail millet is naturalized derivative of the green millet.
The evidence (early) shows that it was cultivated in China by Peiligang culture. Though the common millet was also cultivated, it becomes prevalent in the Yangshao culture. About 600 BC, it was cultivated in the Iron Age at Near East.
Improves Heart Health
It assists in the formation of neurotransmitter acetylcholine which helps to transfer the message between muscle and nerves. It also safeguards the functions of cardiac. The deficiency of Vitamin B1 leads to improper functions of cardiac. The patients of congestive heart failure finds Vitamin B1 helpful and prevents heart ailments.
It helps to enhance the concentration and memory power. Also helps to manage the nervous ailments such as Bell’s palsy and multiple sclerosis. It is also called morale vitamin which provides a positive impact on nervous system and supports mental perspective.
Improves Brain Health
Iron assists in the brain development. It supplies oxygen to the brain, as it uses about 20% of blood oxygen. Iron is directly associated with the brain functions. The adequate amount of blood if received by the brain helps to promote the cognition and prevents Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Due to this the adequate amount of iron is essential for the brain oxygenation.
Improves Skin Health
Proteins support and strengthen the tissues such as skin which is tears constantly. Collagen is considered as the vital protein that strengthens the tissues, cells and organs that is essential for the revitalization. The high presence of collagen protein found in the body provides wrinkle free, healthy and youthful skin.